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बिहार संपर्क क्रांति : मिथिला पेंटिंग की सुंदरता और तेज रफ्तार - Keshav Singh

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Page#    Showing 1 to 5 of 292 news entries  next>>
Jan 07 (18:11) Revealed: The best diets for 2021 (indianexpress.com)
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News Entry# 432274  Blog Entry# 4837031   
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A simple Internet search will give you numerous diet trends and plans, but how do you determine their benefits and efficacy? Worry not, the annual ranking of the US News and World Report has now revealed the best diets for 2021, and for the fourth consecutive year, the top award goes to the Mediterranean diet.

The diet, which involves consuming the traditional foods of the Mediterranean region, became the top contender owing to its easy to follow, evidence-based, and nutritionally balanced considerations. The diet, that stresses the consumption of fruits, vegetables, and
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whole grains, has been considered one of the most healthy diets to prevent lifestyle conditions including heart ailments, and also promote longevity.

The annual rankings were decided by a panel of nutritionists and experts in the field of diabetes, heart health, and weight loss, and the Mediterranean diet was chosen out of 39 eating plans, including Keto, Weight Watchers and Atkins.

The DASH and the flexitarian diets, which are similar to the Mediterranean diet, grabbed the second and third spots in the same category. Not only that, in addition to maintaining its top position as the Best Diet Overall, the Mediterranean diet also made it to the top spot in the Best Diets for Healthy Eating, Easiest Diets to Follow, Best Diets for Diabetes, and Best Plant-Based Diets categories.

On the flip side, the most searched diets like Keto diet, Whole30, and Atkins were ranked among the lowest because of their poor sustainability and restrictions.

What is the Mediterranean diet?

The diet pattern originated in the 1960s after it was recognised that people living in the Mediterranean countries die less from coronary heart disease as compared to the US and other parts of Europe.

Even the Word Health Organisation (WHO) has recognised it as a healthy and sustainable dietary pattern. Numerous studies indicate that the Mediterranean diet can help lose weight, prevent heart attacks, strokes, type 2 diabetes, and premature death.

Mediterranean diet simply means following the traditional eating pattern of people living in the Mediterranean region like Greece, France, and Italy. This diet trend focuses on including more green produce, whole grains, legumes, nuts and olive oils. While poultry, fish and red meat consumption are limited to weekly basis, dairy products are to be consumed in moderation. It also says that one should remain physically active and consume red wine in moderation.

For more lifestyle news, follow us: Twitter: lifestyle_ie | Facebook: IE Lifestyle | Instagram: ie_lifestyle

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Dec 09 2020 (20:07) Serum Institute, Bharat Biotech Vaccines Emergency Use Not Cleared Yet (www.ndtv.com)
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News Entry# 427814  Blog Entry# 4807752   
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The panel reviewed the applications of Pfizer, Serum Institute and Bharat Biotech (Representational)New Delhi: The requests for emergency use of vaccines being manufactured by the Serum institute and Bharat Biotech were not cleared today by a committee of health experts. Both companies have been asked to submit more data at the next meeting, the date of which has not yet been decided.The final call on the suitability of the vaccine will be taken by the Drug Controller of India or DCGI.The Subject Expert Committee of the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) met today to review the applications of Pfizer, Serum Institute of India and Bharat Biotech. Pfizer was on the agenda but was not considered today as their experts were not available.Approvals are a long process and today's review is only the start, sources said.Reuters quoted a "source with direct knowledge of the matter" as saying that a decision on...
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the vaccines would be taken "in toto" and it was too early to say whether they would be rejected or accepted."It is standard practice for the government to hold several meetings. The process is expected to go on for one or two weeks," sources in Serum Institute said on the development.The Pune-based Serum Institute, the world's largest vaccine-maker, requested approval for the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine candidate, Covishield, on December 6.Pharma giant Pfizer sought Indian approval after securing clearances in the UK and Bahrain.PromotedListen to the latest songs, only on JioSaavn.comOn Monday, Hyderabad-based Bharat Biotech became the third vaccine-maker to apply to the DCGI for emergency use authorisation for its indigenously-developed COVID-19 vaccine Covaxin.Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited the vaccine facilities in Hyderabad and Pune last month to review the progress of the Covid shots. At an all-party meeting on December 4, PM Modi expressed hope that a COVID-19 vaccine may be ready in a few weeks. Comments

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Dec 09 2020 (20:05) Anti-pollution: Dietary tips to cleanse your lungs (indianexpress.com)
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News Entry# 427813  Blog Entry# 4807750   
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With a rise in ambient pollution levels, it is essential to ensure your diet is accordingly modified so that your lungs stay disease-free. “It is important to note that stress from oxidative phenomenon plays an important role in causing diseases related to pollution. Therefore, nutrition plays a significant role in its prevention and management, and has also been shown to modulate the toxicity of pollutants,” explained dietitian Garima Goyal.

Below, she recommends some foods to include in one’s diet.
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Vitamin A and carotenoids

Animal sources (milk and eggs), fortified foods, orange/yellow fruits and vegetables (carrots) are the main dietary sources of carotenoids, including α/β-carotene and lycopene, which are known as antioxidants. Their prescribed and supplemented intake inhibits inflammatory mediators and decreases the pro-inflammatory cytokine release in the airway, in turn protecting from free radical damage and enhances protective response.

Vitamin C and E

Low levels of vitamin C and E have been known to cause increased levels of O3 in the body which can lead to bronchoconstriction in response to pollutants and exacerbation of obstructive and allergic respiratory diseases. Diet supplement of fruits and vitamin E rich foods will play a proactive and protective effect on these regions and prevent further inflammation and also attenuate total antioxidant capacity to pacify O3 damage. Vitamin C has a researched and proven role in the prevention of COPD and lung cancer.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D plays enzymatic role in calcium and phosphorus metabolism in such a way that it decreases the severity of symptoms in already affected cells by regulating allergic responses, increasing smooth muscle mass and lung capacity. Hence, weekly intake of vitamin D, adequate calcium and phosphorus-rich food, and sun exposure is a must for people with liable lungs.

Curcumin

This phytochemical from turmeric has a potent anti-inflammatory effect along with anti-tumor, antifungal and antioxidant properties, especially in the lungs. It may also protect against the development of pulmonary fibrosis. Curcumin has some protective role against the DNA damage caused by arsenic, diesel exhaust, cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity, and POP associated cellular damage, explained Goyal.

Fats

Fats like Omega-3 oils (or n-3 polyunsaturated fats-PUFAs), found in fish oils, have the ability to reduce inflammation due to fine particulates which cause direct alveolar epithelial injury. It is known for its anti-coagulant properties which are protective in cardiac patients who have indoor and outdoor pollution exposure.

Choline

Choline is involved in several biological functions. Dietary sources of choline include meat, liver, eggs, poultry, fish and shellfish, peanuts, and cauliflower. Administration of choline reduces eosinophils and reactive oxidant species which lead to collagen degradation.

Apples

They are a rich source of fibre and are low in calories. In addition, they are packed with an abundance of vitamins as well as flavonoids which helps in maintaining a good respiratory system. Apples are also rich in quercetin, which is a flavonoid that aids in cleansing our lungs.

Peppers

A rich source of vitamin C, peppers help in keeping the lungs healthy over a long period of time. Vitamin C is said to be a potent antioxidant that has immense benefits for patients suffering from chronic lung disease. Vitamin C helps in the removal of toxins from the body which reduces the formation of free radicals, thus lowering the rates of lung tissue damage and promoting repair of the previously damaged tissues.

Cruciferous vegetables

Cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, kale, cauliflower, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, etc. are some of the healthiest foods. They are an excellent source of lignans, which act as antioxidants and can help improve lung health..“A modified diet, supplemented with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents, can help and contribute to counteracting the detrimental effects of pollution, particularly respiratory pathway — both upper as well as lower,” Goyal said.

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Dec 02 2020 (13:28) Diabetics’ sugar can rise based on how much they think they’re having, Harvard study finds (theprint.in)
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News Entry# 426869  Blog Entry# 4799283   
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Study finds that among Type 2 diabetics, perception of sugar consumption might affect blood sugar readings more than actual intake. Experts say it’s inconclusive.

New Delhi: Blood glucose levels in patients with Type 2 diabetes respond more to the perception of how much sugar is being consumed, rather than the actual intake, a study by Harvard University researchers has found.

As
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a result, the researchers suggest that psychological programmes may be important for diabetes management, alongside medications, diet and exercise.

The study, conducted by Chanmo Park, Francesco Pangini and Ellen Langer, published on 24 September, states: “The findings provide pressing evidence for the psychobiological model of chronic disease, suggesting that psychological intervention programmes may be important for diabetes management, beyond current programmes in which Type 2 diabetes is managed through diet, exercise, and medications only.”

How the study was conducted

The study was conducted on 30 participants over the course of a week — with participants visiting the laboratory twice at three-day intervals.

The participants were given one of two beverages to consume. Both were actually identical with 62 grams of sugar, but had labels indicating different sugar levels — one said zero grams, while the other read 124 grams.

The participants’ starting glucose point was also recorded to ensure that it was the same.

The results showed that blood glucose profiles aligned more with what the participants had actually believed from the label of sugar contents — the figure was low in participants when they consumed the beverage with the label showing zero sugar, and high for participants consuming the beverage with the 124g label.

“That is, blood glucose values changed according to the participants’ expectations (either low or high sugar content), and not to the amount of sugar they actually consumed,” the study concludes.

Also read: White rice linked to diabetes, especially in South Asia, says 21-nation study done over 10 yrs

Classical way of understanding 

The study says while the biomedical model primarily assumes that blood glucose levels rise and fall as time passes after sugar intake, these findings show that “the subjective perception rather than the objective passage of real time has been shown to determine blood glucose level changes in people with type 2 diabetes”.

The study targets the most widely accepted factor in explaining blood glucose fluctuations and tries to establish that psychology mediates the effect on blood glucose levels in people with type 2 diabetes.

It says the findings show the “inadequacy” of the classical ways to explain the metabolic and physiological reactions to food intake in diabetics suggested by the biomedical framework. It also calls for new future research in diabetes management, and puts the focus on the influences that psychological processes exert on chronic conditions like diabetes, cardiovascular disease and chronic obstructive biopulmonary diseases.

“These findings challenge the mainstream assumption that natural biological and physiological metabolic homeostasis processes require sufficient insulin to allow glucose to return to normal ranges. This is in line with other works that found no evidence that insulin action determines the steady-state level of glucose,” the study says.

Limitations 

However, the study admits to having certain limitations. It does not say whether these findings hold true for long term efficacy, and states that no data is available to compare the findings to generalise for the overall population.

Experts that ThePrint spoke to said while the study is interesting, it can’t be taken as conclusive.

“It’s a small study in a controlled environment. It is fascinating and interesting how it shows glucose response based on perceptions,” said Dr Ambrish Mithal, chairman and head of endocrinology at Max Healthcare, Delhi.

“Psychological factors do play a role — for instance, in patients with depression, managing blood glucose levels becomes very difficult. But that is also because often people with depression don’t follow guidelines properly. So, while this study gives clues to conduct new research linking biology and psychology in managing blood glucose levels, it cannot be considered as conclusive,” Mithal added.

Also read: Covid-19 with diabetes is more deadly. Here’s why you must control it during lockdown and how

 

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Dec 02 2020 (13:26) Green tea, dark chocolate may fight against COVID-19 virus: Study (www.dnaindia.com)
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News Entry# 426868  Blog Entry# 4799281   
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In a unique study, researchers have claimed that chemical compounds in foods or beverages like green tea, muscadine grapes, and dark chocolate can bind to and block the function of a particular enzyme, or protease, in the SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for COVID-19.

"Proteases are important to the health and viability of cells and viruses. If proteases are inhibited, cells cannot perform many important functions - like replication, for example," said study author De-Yu Xie from the North Carolina State University in the US.
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"One of our lab's focuses is to find nutraceuticals in food or medicinal plants that inhibit either how a virus attaches to human cells or the propagation of a virus in human cells," Xie added.

In the study, published in the journal Frontiers in Plant Science, the research team performed both computer simulations and lab studies showing how the so-called 'main protease' (Mpro) in the SARS-CoV-2 virus reacted when confronted with several different plant chemical compounds already known for their potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

"Mpro in SARS-CoV-2 is required for the virus to replicate and assemble itself. If we can inhibit or deactivate this protease, the virus will die," Xie said.

Computer simulations showed that the studied chemical compounds from green tea, two varieties of muscadine grapes, cacao powder, and dark chocolate were able to bind to different portions of Mpro.

"Mpro has a portion that is like a 'pocket' that was 'filled' by the chemical compounds. When this pocket was filled, the protease lost its important function," Xie explained.

Lab experiments also showed similar results. The chemical compounds in green tea and muscadine grapes were very successful at inhibiting Mpro's function; chemical compounds in cacao powder and dark chocolate reduced Mpro activity by about half.

"Green tea has five tested chemical compounds that bind to different sites in the pocket on Mpro, essentially overwhelming it to inhibit its function," Xie said.

"Muscadine grapes contain these inhibitory chemicals in their skins and seeds. Plants use these compounds to protect themselves, so it is not surprising that plant leaves and skins contain these beneficial compounds," the author noted.
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