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News Posts by ✞सांडलेल्या रक्तावर तारणारा✞

Page#    Showing 1 to 5 of 1178 news entries  next>>
Jan 15 (21:56) COVID-19 Vaccination in Mumbai: From where to how; all you need to know (www.moneycontrol.com)
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News Entry# 433455  Blog Entry# 4846198   
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Mumbai has received over 1.39 lakh doses of COVID-19 vaccine Covishield, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has said.
Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray will launch the COVID-19 vaccination drive at Jumbo COVID Field Hospital in BKC, Mumbai, at 10 am on January 16. (Representative image: Reuters)
India’s financial capital Mumbai, once the country’s coronavirus hotspot, is all set to begin the much-awaited COVID-19 vaccination drive on January 16, alongside the rest of the country.
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Minister Narendra Modi will launch India's massive COVID-19 vaccination drive on the day via video conferencing, as doses of vaccines get delivered across the country to all states and Union Territories.
The Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) had granted emergency use authorisation to two COVID-19 vaccines – Covishield, developed by Oxford University and British-Swedish company AstraZeneca, and manufactured by the Serum Institute of India (SII) and Bharat Biotech's Covaxin.
In Maharashtra, Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray will launch the inoculation programme at Jumbo COVID Field Hospital in BKC, Mumbai, at 10 am.
Maharashtra government has so far received 9.83 lakh doses of COVID-19 vaccines. Of these, 9.63 lakh vials are of Covishield vaccine and 20,000 are of indigenously-made Covaxin, according to state Health Minister Rajesh Tope.
The state capital has received over 1.39 lakh doses of Covishield, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) said. The civic body said it received 1,39,500 doses of the Covishield vaccine from the SII around 5.30 am on January 13.
Mumbai, The First Consignment Of #CovishieldVaccine Has Arrived!#MyBMC has received a total of 1,39,500 doses from Serum Institute (Pune).
Stored at @mybmcWardFS , it will be delivered across vaccination centers for national inoculation drive 16th January.#COVIDVaccination pic.twitter.com/GSpaP2DuIg
So far, 1.3 lakh healthcare workers and around two lakh frontline workers in Mumbai have been reportedly registered for the vaccination through the purpose-built Co-WIN application.

Q. How and where are these vaccines being stored?
The Covishield vaccine doses are being stored at a facility in F-South ward office situated in Parel, said BMC. The civic body has also created a centralised cold storage facility for vaccines in Kanjurmarg.
कोविशील्ड लस साठा मुंबईमध्ये दाखल झाला.. त्याची क्षणचित्रे!
Exclusive video of #CovishieldVaccine being brought into Mumbai at 5.30 am this morning, from @SerumInstIndia #MyBMCUpdates #COVIDVaccination @PMOIndia @HMOIndia @CMOMaharashtra @AnilDeshmukhNCP @MumbaiPolice pic.twitter.com/o8RsGqo2ly
The centre for Covaxin is Grant Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals.
Mumbai will have 72 inoculation centres, said Tope. A minimum of 100 people will be vaccinated against COVID-19 at a single centre, which will have a team of five personnel who will verify the SMS sent to the person to be inoculated, his or her identity and administer the vaccine.
All the necessary arrangement of electricity, Internet and webcasting service has been made at all these centres, the minister has said.
It will take six to seven months for the vaccine to become available for those who are not in the high-risk category, said Patil.
Beginning with the healthcare workers, the vaccine will be administered to frontline staff such as police, home guards and others in the second phase.
"Considering the time it would take to administer the vaccine to healthcare workers, frontline staff and people with co-morbid conditions, it would take a minimum of six to seven months for the vaccine to reach the general public," he said.

Q. Who can/cannot take the vaccine?
The Union Health Ministry has highlighted that under the emergency use authorisation, coronavirus vaccination is indicated only for those who are 18 years and above.

Interchangeability of COVID-19 vaccines is not permitted. The second dose should also be of the same COVID-19 vaccine which was administered as the first dose. Beneficiaries cannot choose between Covishield and Covaxin vaccines.

The health ministry has cautioned against the administration of the vaccine in persons with a history of an anaphylactic or allergic reaction to a previous dose of COVID-19 vaccine, and in those with immediate or delayed onset anaphylaxis or allergic reaction to vaccines or injectable therapies, pharmaceutical products, food items, among others.

In case of people having active symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 infection, coronavirus infected patients who have been given anti-SARS-CoV-2 monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma and acutely unwell and hospitalised patients due to any illness, the COVID-19 vaccination is to be deferred for four to eight weeks after recovery.

Pregnant and lactating women have not been a part of any COVID-19 vaccine clinical trial so far. Therefore, women who are pregnant or not sure of their pregnancy and lactating women should not receive COVID-19 vaccine at this time, the ministry said.
The Union Health Ministry has mentions mild AEFIs (adverse event following immunization) for both the vaccines.
In the case of Covishied, some mild AEFI may occur like injection site tenderness, injection site pain, headache, fatigue, myalgia, malaise, pyrexia, chills and arthralgia and nausea.
Some mild AEFIs in case of Covaxin include injection site pain, headache, fatigue, fever, body ache, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, dizziness-giddiness, tremor, sweating, cold, cough and injection site swelling.
Paracetamol may be used to provide symptomatic relief from post-vaccination adverse reactions, the ministry said.
With the addition of 607 fresh cases on January 14, Mumbai's cumulative COVID-19 count has reached 3,01,078, while the death toll has gone up to 11,219, according to the BMC’s data.

(With inputs from PTI)
Jan 15 (21:47) Johnson & Johnson’s one-shot COVID-19 vaccine candidate generates lasting immune response in early trial (www.moneycontrol.com)
*health
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News Entry# 433450  Blog Entry# 4846190   
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COVID-19 vaccine: Johnson & Johnson is expected to release results of its phase-3 clinical trial later in January or early February.
Representative image: Reuters
The one-shot COVID-19 vaccine candidate developed by Johnson & Johnson generated a long-lasting immune response, according to trial data published in the New England Journal of Medicine on January 13.
As part of the trail, scientists at J&J had randomly
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assigned healthy adults between the ages of 18 and 55 and those 65 and older to receive a high or low dose of its vaccine candidate ‘Ad26.COV2.S’, or a placebo. Some participants in the 18-55 age group were also given a second dose.
Most volunteers produced detectable neutralising antibodies against the virus after 28 days, according to phase 1-2 clinical trial data.
Additionally, all volunteers had developed detectable antibodies by day 57. This was regardless of the vaccine dose or age group.
Fever, fatigue, headache, muscle aches, and pain at the injection site were the most common side effect, according to the data. However, the data suggests that these side effects were less common in the older age group who received the one-dose vaccine regime and among those who received a lower dose.
The pharmaceutical giant is expected to release the results of its phase-3 clinical trial later in January or early February. Phase-3 comprised 45,000 volunteers.
The company is then expected to apply to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for emergency use authorisation. If cleared, it would be the third vaccine to be rolled out after those developed by Pfizer and Moderna.
While a number of vaccines have been granted emergency use authorisation across the world – including those in India developed by Oxford University-AstraZeneza and Bharat Biotech – there continues to be a shortage of supply. This is hampering the massive vaccination exercise underway across the world. This shortage has also meant that poorer nations need to wait longer to get their share of vaccine doses.
More vaccines, such as the one being developed by Johnson & Johnson, getting approval would lead to the speeding-up of the vaccination process.
J&J’s chief scientific officer Dr. Paul Stoffels said in an interview on January 12 that the company expects to meet its stated target of delivering 1 billion doses of its vaccine by the end of this year as the company ramps up production.
A speedy rollout of vaccines is being seen as the best way to curb the spread of COVID-19 and restore normalcy in the pandemic-battered global economy. As many as 50 countries, including the United States and the United Kingdom, have already vaccinated a large number of people from high-risk groups.
Jan 15 (21:44) What you need to know about the new COVID-19 variants (www.moneycontrol.com)
*covid-19
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News Entry# 433449  Blog Entry# 4846188   
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The reason people are concerned is that a lot of the mutations in these new variants are in the site targeted by the vaccines, something called the spike protein.
Two new strains of the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 called B.1.1.7 and B.1.351 have been found in the U.K. and South Africa and are thought to be more transmissible. In this interview, David Kennedy, a biologist who studies the evolution of infectious diseases at Penn State, explains how these new strains are different, what “more transmissible” means, what that means for the public and whether the vaccines will be effective against them.
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What are the two new variants of the SARS CoV-2 virus?
There are actually a few different variants that are emerging that you’ve probably been hearing about recently. Two of the most common ones that people are talking about and are most concerned about are the B.1.1.7 and B.1.351 variants. They were first detected in the U.K. and South Africa. It seems that they have been circulating since October at least but were only noticed in December. The concern about these variants is that they might have some differences in how transmissible they are and how the immune system sees them.

What does ‘more transmissible’ mean when it comes to these variants?
The data suggests that both of these variants are more transmissible. Most of the data that’s available is for the U.K. variant in particular. It’s still not clear exactly how much more transmissible it is, but current estimates are that it’s somewhere between 30% and 80% more transmissible than the original strains that were out there.
How did scientists arrive at those numbers? When spikes in cases in the U.K. raised concerns, they sequenced the virus from the cases during the spikes. They saw that there was this novel variant. They looked at the frequency of this variant farther back in time and saw that it was increasing in frequency over time. So it went from being very rare to very common. And based on the rate of increase, they estimate that it was around 70% or so more transmissible than the original virus.
The second way they determined it was more transmissible is through something called the “secondary attack rate.” What they do is, if they know that somebody is infected, they can look and see how many of their contacts got infected. And so they can do that for people who are infected with the original strain of the virus, and they can do that for people who are infected with this novel variant. What they saw was that people who had this novel variant were more likely to infect their contacts, and that increase was about 30% to 40%. So that means that this novel variant is more likely to get passed on to other individuals.
How does a more transmissible variant translate into risk? How does it affect people’s day-to-day risk levels?
The first thing that I should say is that there’s no evidence that there’s increased disease severity as a result of these variants. So it doesn’t seem like it is now more harmful. But the concern is that more people are going to get infected, and so in total, more people are going to get sick.
But the reason this is so concerning is that you get hit with the increase in transmissibility twice. First, more people will be infected, so it is more likely that you will be interacting with someone who is infectious. And second, the virus is more infectious, so each infected person is more likely to transmit it to you.
With that said, the basics of how we’re supposed to live our lives and how we’re supposed to control this are essentially unchanged. The mitigation measures that we have in place, things like social distancing, wearing a mask, avoiding indoor shared spaces, reducing any unnecessary risks, are still the best measures that we have to try to control this. At least until we all have access to vaccines.

What does this new variant mean for vaccine effectiveness?
If we look at the smallpox vaccine, we never saw resistance evolve to it. It’s the same for measles, polio and the majority of vaccines that we have. We never have to update them, and they just keep working.
But there have been vaccines where we do have to update them because resistance evolved. And so part of the concern about these new variants is that there might be evolution of resistance to the vaccines that are currently being developed.
The reason people are concerned is that a lot of the mutations in these new variants are in the site targeted by the vaccines, something called the spike protein. But just because we’re seeing changes in the spike protein of these variants doesn’t necessarily mean that it’s going to undermine the vaccine.
What researchers have seen is that one of the mutations found on both the U.K. and South Africa variants doesn’t seem to have any effect on how our immune system sees the virus, so that’s good news. But another mutation found on the South Africa variant does seem to impact how our immune response sees the virus.
We’ve learned that if you take blood serum from somebody who was previously infected with the old version of the virus, and you try to use that serum to stop the virus containing this new mutation, you need a higher concentration of the blood serum to neutralize the virus. That means that there’s a difference in the way that our immune system is seeing the virus. It doesn’t necessarily mean that the vaccine is going to be less effective. But it’s certainly something that needs to be studied more.
These are two of the mutations. There are many more mutations in these variants, which scientists need to continue to study.
The summary here is that at least one of the mutations seems like it could be relevant, but there isn’t good evidence to suggest that means the vaccines are not going to be effective. Vaccines tend to be robust against evolutionary change. And so my hope and my expectation is that the vaccine protection will be robust.
Jan 14 (23:05) Indian Railways’ Dedicated Freight Corridors – set to transform transportation (www.globalrailwayreview.com)
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News Entry# 433318  Blog Entry# 4845149   
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Posted: 14 January 2021 | Sachinder Mohan Sharma |
Sachinder Mohan Sharma, Group General Manager at the Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL), explores the details behind building a corridor with appropriate technology that enables Indian Railways to regain its market share of freight transport by creating additional capacity and guaranteeing efficient, reliable, safe and cheaper options for mobility to its customers.
The rail ‘Golden Quadrilateral’ connecting Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata comprises of 16 per cent of the route kilometres but carries more than 55 per cent of
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passenger and freight traffic. Since this route is saturated, the need was felt for upgrading the sections and also increasing the line capacity for carrying more rail traffic. Keeping in view the surging requirement of powerhouse coal from Kolkata to the Punjab area and the container traffic from the western ports of Mumbai and Gujarat to the Delhi area, the eastern and western dedicated freight corridors were envisaged in 2005. To fulfil this dream, an agency called the Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL) was established for the construction, operation and maintenance of the corridors. Its mandate also included the setting up of multi-modal logistics parks and providing complete transport solutions to customers. The DFCCIL is a Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) corporation run by the Government of India’s Ministry of Railways.
The Eastern Corridor extends from Dankuni to Ludhiana and is funded by the World Bank to a tune of $1725 million. The section between Sonnagar and Dankuni (538km) is coming up as a public private partnership (PPP) and, for the section from Mughalsarai to Sonnagar (126km), equity funding is being provided by the Ministry of Railways in India. The Western Corridor from Mumbai to Dadri is being funded by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and constitutes a loan of about 654 billion JP¥. The overall capital structure of the dedicated freight corridors (DFC) entails a debt equity ratio of 3:1.
The growth of the Indian economy has created demand for additional capacity of rail freight transportation.
The vision for the DFC is to run longer and heavier trains. To do so, the sections have been made with a long-term perspective and the foundation can cater to a 32-tonne axle load, whereas the tracks and sleeper density have been designed for a 25-tonne axle load. This limit has been kept in mind, because most of the traffic will originate and terminate on the Indian Railways network and pass through the DFC. Routes on Indian Railways are also being upgraded to a 25-tonne axle load so as to ensure seamless first and last mile connectivity. Apart from this, 2×25 KV electric traction is planned so as to ensure 120 trains on each corridor with a time gap of 12 minutes each. The maximum moving dimensions of the DFC are higher than those on Indian Railways, and this will help in using rolling stock with enlarged dimensions, especially if the origination and destination is on the network. All of these will help in higher throughput, thereby improving the asset utilisation and helping Indian Railways to carry more traffic. The DFC will have a positive impact on the rail industry, economy and the environment.

Technological leap
Some of the other innovative features include: Train protection warning systems for safety; train management systems for monitoring operations; and a global system for mobile communication between the train crew and control. As far as track is concerned, mechanised track laying using a new track construction machine, cant in turnout zone, head harden rails, thick web switches, GPS coordinates of land boundary and friction buffer stocks have been used. For the electrical systems, computer simulation tools for optimising the rating of equipment like traction transformers, SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) systems for Over Head Equipment (OHE) maintenance and better configuration of electrical wires and regulating equipment has been deployed. For the first time, high rise OHE with a height of 7.1m is being used in the western corridor to enable the movement of double stack containers, which were, earlier, running on diesel traction. For rolling stock operations, the online monitoring of rolling stock systems consisting of wheel impact load detectors and hot box detectors are being used. At various stations, cameras have been deployed for the rolling-in examination of wagons. The whole DFC has been planned without any surface level crossings to enable higher speed and safety. The concept of integrated maintenance depots 150km apart is envisaged, and these shall look after all activities pertaining to infrastructure and rolling stock maintenance and out of course attention. 

The operation control centre for the Eastern Corridor.
All of these technological upgrades will have a trickledown effect on the Indian Railways. Most of these technologies are either being partially sourced from India or are coming up through joint ventures or partnerships. These will thus help in the ‘Aatmanirbhar’, or self-reliance mission, of India and also help in developing the rail eco-system. This will help in not just job creation, but also skill development. 

Socio economic benefits
Every infrastructure project has forward and backward linkages, and it is estimated that the DFC will pay back more than 5.5 times the value of the money invested in it. This will be through the development of industries, jobs and livelihood and the boost to the logistics sector.   In India, logistics cost is estimated to be between 13 to 14 per cent of the gross domestic product (GDP), and it is higher than those in developed countries, while the global average is eight per cent. India is ranked 44 in the World Bank Logistics Performance Index 2018. The average speed of trains will be about 70kmph on the DFC routes, and the cost of operation will be less than half that of IR. The savings will be passed on to the customers, and this will bring down the overall logistics cost.  

The inaugural run of the 340km section of the Eastern DFC.
Rail traffic estimates in DFC influence areas indicate that the incremental traffic today is expected to be 163 MT, and this will increase to 500 plus MT in 2030-31. The corridors will be along the Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) and other industrial hubs, and the cheap cost of transport will make industries more viable. There will be opportunities as we develop MMLPs and PFTs, and, also, the port infrastructure is built up. The whole eco system will develop around the DFCs, and these will be the engines of growth and development in the area. Some of the services planned include:
Other innovative practices to capture the traffic are also planned on the DFC network so as to utilise the higher schedule of dimensions available. It is, therefore, essential that the rail coefficient of the traffic increases so that we may reap the benefits of efficient operations. Some other benefits of the DFC include safety in operations, increased speed of delivery and socio-economic benefits to the nation.

Sustainability
Both the DFC routes are planned for electric traction. Electric supply will be taken through open source, which will bring down the cost. Using greener sources of energy will help in reducing carbon emissions and also reduce the reliance on imported fuel. It has been estimated that the DFC operations will bring about 400 MT of overall saving in terms of CO2 emissions till 2040-2041. On the surplus land, solar panels are also being provided with grid connectivity, and this will reduce the net energy requirements. 
The stations on the DFC have also been planned at a distance of 40km and the whole route has automatic signalling, which will ensure efficient operations, thereby reducing the energy consumption due to stoppages. The locomotives are equipped with regenerative braking, which will further reduce the energy requirements. Longer length trains of up to 1,500m will also be more efficient due to tailgating. The manpower on the DFC will be matching the international benchmarks of about one employee per kilometre. Integrated maintenance practices for the rail infrastructure will reduce the duplicity and make the corridor more efficient. Less number of employees implies less energy consumption for non-traction purpose. Thus, the DFC will be a sustainable project whose benefits can be enjoyed in perpetuity.
A double-stacked container train operating on the DFC.

Corporate Social Responsibility
Since the freight corridor is a government unit, it has various stakeholders and endeavours to improve their quality of life on a sustainable basis. DFC has a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for skill development training and provision of solar lighting. As part of its policy, it looks at making the locals self-reliant and skilled to make them employable. Money was also spent in setting up toilet blocks in rural areas, provision of facilities for differently abled citizens and for promoting rural, national and parasports. (DFCCIL, 2020). 
DFCCIL is committed to its pursuit of transforming the transportation scenario in the country. The impact of this project will be like a positive externality, as the savings and logistics cost will be reaped across the domestic and international value chain. The project will bring about a modal shift from road to rail and will also help to capture new commodity traffic. Seeing the potential of this project, four more corridors are currently being planned along the other parts of the Golden Quadrilateral.
Sachinder Mohan Sharma is a railway mechanical engineer with over 27 years of experience in rolling stock maintenance and operation. His other areas of expertise include disaster management, fuel and alternate fuels, crew and diesel locomotives. He is a fellow of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, UK and India. He has a MPA from the National University of Singapore, is a Chevening scholar from the University of Oxford, UK, and is presently perusing his PHD from the Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode.
Jan 14 (23:02) The digitalisation of railways drives safer trains (www.globalrailwayreview.com)
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News Entry# 433316  Blog Entry# 4845144   
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With the expected introduction of 5G on railways, which will inevitably result in the application of more technologically advanced capabilities – such as IoT or AI – Huawei is on hand to support railway operators in improving their digitalisation efforts, enabling advances in safety and security across all aspects of the railway, including construction, operations and maintenance.
Ask a railway operator what the number one reason for the digitalisation of operations is, and the reply will be, ‘to ensure safety’. Digitalisation efforts in the railway sector have been focused on this most crucial aspect, followed closely by efficient management of resources and operations and improving the user experience.
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a railway operator what the number one reason for the digitalisation of operations is, and the reply will be, ‘to ensure safety’.
Robust connectivity for uninterrupted services is absolutely essential for the signalling and telecommunication setup, or the ‘heart’ of the railway system. This is what controls the performance of the network, ensuring that there are no intra-train collisions or derailments. It is no secret that digitalisation has improved this space by leaps and bounds today. And, with the expected introduction of 5G in the control command railway system, trains will have access to hi-tech capabilities – such as Internet of Things (IoT) and artificial intelligence (AI) applications – that will be able to transmit more data from trackside to control centres, enabling urban rail to manage critical infrastructure even more efficiently and increase safety for the overall sector.
Connectivity also helps passengers to feel more comfortable and safer on their train journeys. This feeling of safety is more from a psychological perspective of being in control should an emergency arise, knowing that they can get timely information updates, contact family members and so on.

End-to-end smart safety management
Safety and security are central elements for any train operation and are required through all stages, from development and construction to operations and the maintenance of the railway line.

Smart construction
Safety and security start at the initial stage of rail construction itself. AI technology is applied for the identification of risks and improvement of safety standards, real-time monitoring and analysis and to also shorten the response time to any situation. Huawei has already participated in several rail construction sites for better safety management, adherence to safety practices and identification of safety violations, not to mention the quick response to any accidents. Additionally, since AI apps eliminate the need for human intervention, it is a cost-effective means of management.

Smart Operations & Maintenance (O&M)
Smart O&M is on the wish list of many railway operators to predict the health of their assets. IoT and AI apps are particularly useful for predictive maintenance, alerting railway staff of failures before they occur rather than the traditional way of reactive asset management. Huawei’s IoT solution for railways – eLTE-IoT and AR IoT Gateway – connects to different sensors and components along the railway track. Data can be sensed, captured and analysed such that, in the event of any abnormalities, the solution triggers an alarm to the train management system, allowing for preventive maintenance actions to be carried out effectively, with minimal human involvement.
Smart O&M is on the wish list of many railway operators to predict the health of their assets.
Over and above monitoring the train’s movement, the condition of the railway tracks and the train’s wheels, it is as important for railway operators to recognise the risks that could lie within their facilities, such as theft, physical damage and so on.

Real-time remote checking at Ferromex
When Ferromex – a division of Grupo México Transportes – needed real-time checking of its 32 railway yards, the company identified Huawei to design and deploy a comprehensive and robust CCTV solution for yard surveillance, yard management, way surveillance, physical reserve areas and overall safety and security. In the first phase, Huawei deployed 378 cameras, 120 RTN510 microwave radios, six servers, and 38 PowerCube 500 units to supply power to remote sites.
Huawei’s 24/7 monitoring solution…has helped to prevent unauthorised personnel, vandalism, robbery and the sabotage of train compartments at Ferromex’s premises.
The results are already obvious – Huawei’s 24/7 monitoring solution with an analytic ability to create alerts triggered by the unexpected movement of objects, people and vehicles that are detected – has helped to prevent unauthorised personnel, vandalism, robbery and the sabotage of train compartments at Ferromex’s premises.
Luis Avila, Digital Director of Ferromex, commenting on the solution, said: “Ferromex faces situations, such as level crossing accidents on the railway, where, despite indications and alerts, drivers and pedestrians frequently try to beat the surge to the train crossing, causing major accidents and, in many cases, fatal incidents. We decided on Huawei’s technology to mitigate the risks. IP cameras covering the level crossing scenario are provided with HD video and an AI analytics function as part of the platform. The great value of Huawei’s infrastructure is that we have been able to lower the operational risks, reduce or prevent accidents and increase productivity and efficiency.” 

What is happening at an industry level?
On an industry level, there is a concerted effort to build a common data model (CDM) for the entire railway sector, including all necessary dimensions, such as construction, asset management, functional aspects, project management and even simulation. Work around the CDM is one of the key focus areas of the International Union of Railways (UIC) and is being achieved in close collaboration with Shift2Rail, the joint undertaking set by the European Commission (EC) to align all research activities in the rail domain. Huawei sees digital modelling as a prerequisite to a coordinated, converged and optimised global digitalisation blueprint of all train elements and has a host of solutions ready to fit into each situation, thereby driving safety and security for the sector as a whole.
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MdAsifIqbal~013
IshanNDLS~013
ShikariShambuJr~012
GondiaSamnapurE~102
TC4D^~110
Deepesh_Choudhary^...47
Dr.AtulSinha~011
JRLE_KOAA_EXP~110
KhagariaJn^~28
Mewar1559~010
Lokesh9304010
azharsdd786^~46
rhythmsofrail^~73
anupsinghbr09
LalitpurJunctio~27
aktiv~90
IlovemyINDIA~09
d1arindam09
harshadkate09
Prometheus~09
PramodBhandari~09
s.r.k_1007^~09
Rahul^90
PilibhitJunction~09
RAEBARELIRAILWAY~44
Vaibhav~08
CWA_corn_city~52
ANKITSRIVASTAVA12....16
AmanGupta^~70
Parneet Singh^~70
s27sidharthgmai~07
SUPERMAN^~16
RFaman~06
Riteshwer_2001^~33
Soumik_BWN~06
sajid.akhtar~06
Epiphany^~60
SUBHASH60
SSRFanForever~15
mannunrw1976~06
SinghsamrinRain^~06
ranjitg370~06
RamganjMandi^~33
Balgobind Mishra~06
SaifAliSalmani30^~15
nobhonil1006
Vishwanath_BAY^~05
Centralrailtravell...05
x-under SW-x05
Rohtakjunction~41
Kamlesh~05
Nawaaz^~05
AbhishekVivek~05
sanket401305
x-under SW-x05
AniJu~05
deepakrashikendra23
PRAYAGRAJ1234^~05
Rajeshkrsbokaro~05
Gaurav2223^~04
Deadforall_04
RajMonu~04
Ankita P04
Venky63~04
SPARTAN~04
eXplorerDKG^~04
RuchirSharma04
Sonuhasan~04
Railwayfantom04
ShriKaalBhairav~40
Shiv.Kumar.Etah~04
madanmohanmeena^~04
MCPNBR~22
skm^~04
VedantKumar_Bihars...04
Subhojyoti^~04
Abdul19041~03
furquan_ashraf^~12
Desiincanada~03
Arjun1234~03
VijayawadaJunction...03
SBC~03
kirk78121
Dr._Vaibhav.BST~30
PankajMishra^~21
promethsuresh^~03
Azeemabadi~03
Rohit_2912~03
PEEYUSH2912903
Shaurya117^~03
Ishant03
It_~03
TheRailMail^~12
Rishi03
SSK03
Aman2002~03
Piyush~03
Vinay Kumar~03
purubaba.ankit~30
Arvind.Chaurasiya^...03
Railfan_bihari~03
Saurabhaggarwal03
Aamchi12952~03
BundelkhandTA03
Adil02
Vicky~02
IsupportCAAMumb02
PrJinalPatel^~20
Kartik02
vinay12987~02
Skumar^~20
IrfSda94~02
shanzil.kabir^~20
Ankit^~02
12611_MAS_GARIB^~02
BRCWAP7~02
Anil Kumar02
gatimanexp02
Babai~02
Rambhakt~02
ThamizhMaran~11
ImArijit.B^~20
VARANGURJAR02
TheDarkLord~02
Rajesh Jaiswal02
G_VINAYAK~02
Ravi~11
upsk~02
Aki_Creator_RF~11
Ayush~02
SPSingh~20
Roshan Bhat^~02
Silapathar~02
uks1955yahoo.co~02
Tanay Srivastava~11
Sandeep Sharma^~20
rajneeshkumarchatu...01
x-under SW-x01
Shakil01
sushantchheniya01
priyanshutripathi9...01
akshaykhard01
SidharthRai01
ShaaneBhopalExpres...01
sunilm157401
amaan00701
Utkarsh Singh01
Ajaykushwaha01
KarthikCG^~01
ImThor~01
22465_BBDMSFExpres...01
GreenCityComputers01
saikarthik148~01
The_Natural~01
tanu1995^~10
Aakash01
shivganga01
Shahiindian~01
AhmedabadHimmatnag...10
Avinashhh00701
aniket01
Govindsingh~01
Mahaveer Jain~01
snkt17~01
Dineshkumar1982~01
Mumbaikar~01
ayushkamal^~10
ydvsan~01
Ayodhyadhamexpress01
PARDEEP MALIK01
Aditya^~10
Piyush_Kumar_Singh...10
Heerendra Yadav~01
Siddharth98^~01
Amal Jha01
Bhartiya_rail~01
pawanyadav~01
himanshuunited01
Pankaj Patil~01
axn_kapil10
A H Yadav01
RANGARAJANTPJ~01
Saurabh~01
S_V_Iyer^~01
SparshSaxena~01
pavankumar mishra01
nambi8301
parveen2u01
MKS^~01
vijaybharadwajs~10
vishalsharma~01
Love114~01
AnkitShotra^~01
Manish_Arya~01
gaurav24agarwal~01
Atmathew8001
13Cajay^~01
Mahesh5882~01
Utkarsh_Singh_Rajp...01
PPTACDGEXPRESS~01
AyushGurudev~01
Naman~01
SSPOs~01
RajuK~10
Raj Kant01
RF_Mateen01
Rajiv291101
Amit Kohli01
ankur769410
DrSwaroopMukher^~01
KamayaniExpress~01
AVI_RAJPUT^~10
Kaithal karnal sha...01
colossal_wreck_^~01
surjitbasu~01
DanielSebastian~01
moderator^~01
Hrishik Mukherjee~01
Shubham^~01
Pintoo^~01
Surjit~01
333~01
anil kumar~01
ShashankSwain99^~01
Mohd Mehroz Ali Ba...01
sheetalkamlapuri01
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